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  • You will learn about MPLS fundamentals . This course provides you , the basics of MPLS , which are required for learning about advanced MPLS applications like MPLS L3VPN.

MPLS Meaning

Multiprotocol Label Switching, or MPLS, is a networking technology that routes traffic using the shortest path based on “labels,” rather than network addresses, to handle forwarding over private wide area networks. As a scalable and protocol-independent solution, MPLS assigns labels to each data packet, controlling the path the packet follows. MPLS greatly improves the speed of traffic, so users don’t experience downtime when connected to the network.

 

MPLS Network

An MPLS network is Layer 2.5, meaning it falls between Layer 2 (Data Link) and Layer 3 (Network) of the OSI seven-layer hierarchy. Layer 2, or the Data Link Layer, carries IP packets over simple LANs or point-to-point WANs. Layer 3, or the Network Layer, uses internet-wide addressing and routing using IP protocols. MPLS sits in between these two layers, with additional features for data transport across the network

 

What Is MPLS Used For

Organizations often use this technology when they have multiple remote branch offices across the country or around the world that need access to a data center or applications at the organization’s headquarters or another branch location. MPLS is scalable, provides better performance and bandwidth, and improves user experience compared to traditional IP routing. But it is costly, difficult to deliver globally and lacks the flexibility to be carrier independent.

As organizations move their applications to the cloud, the traditional MPLS hub-and-spoke model has become inefficient and costly because:

  • It requires backhauling traffic through the organization’s headquarters and out to the cloud instead of connecting to the cloud directly, which impacts performance significantly.

  • As companies add more applications, services and mobile devices to their networks, the demand for bandwidth and cloud expertise increases costs and operational complexity.

  • CCNA knowledge is sufficient for this course.
  • Network engineers and Service Provider Engineers who need to work with MPLS services . Also everybody plan to take an exam about MPLS .
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  • Section 1 : MPLS Fundamentals - RIB vs FIB 1 Lectures 00:00:02

    • Lecture 1 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - RIB vs FIB Preview
    • 1- RIB: Routing Information Base 2- FIB: Forwarding Information Base 3- Control-Plane 4- Data-Plane
  • Section 2 : MPLS Fundamentals - IPv4 over MPLS Forwarding - RIB , LIB , FIB , LFIB 2 Lectures 00:00:02

    • Lecture 1 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - IPv4 over MPLS Forwarding - RIB , LIB , FIB , LFIB Part1/2
    • 1- RIB : Routing Information Base 2- FIB : Forwarding Information Base 3- LIB : Label Information Base 4- LFIB: Label Forwarding Information Base 5- Label Distribution Process with LDP 6- Follow the Labeled Packet 7- PHP : Penultimate Hop Popping 8- Push and Swap and Pop Process
    • Lecture 2 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - IPv4 over MPLS Forwarding - RIB , LIB , FIB , LFIB Part2/2
  • Section 3 : MPLS Fundamentals - MPLS Label - Enabling MPLS 1 Lectures 00:00:02

    • Lecture 1 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - MPLS Label - Enabling MPLS
    • 1- MPLS Label : Label Value - EXP bits - BoS - TTL 2- Enabling MPLS : Interface Config - IGP Config 3- MPLS Label in OSI Model 4- Type Value of MPLS in Data-Links Protocols
  • Section 4 : MPLS Fundamentals - IP TTL Behavior 1 Lectures 00:00:02

    • Lecture 1 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - IP TTL Behavior
    • 1- IP TTL : Time to Live 2- Usage of IP TTL 3- Traceroute Process and using of TTL 4- Routing Loop
  • Section 5 : MPLS Fundamentals - MPLS TTL Behavior 1 Lectures 00:00:01

    • Lecture 1 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - MPLS TTL Behavior
    • 1- MPLS TTL : Time to Live 2- Interaction between IP and TTL 3- Usage of MPLS TTL 4- Routing Loop in MPLS Domain
  • Section 6 : MPLS Fundamentals - MPLS Traceroute Behavior 2 Lectures 00:00:02

    • Lecture 1 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - MPLS Traceroute Behavior Part1/2
    • 1- MPLS TraceRoute 2- The Mechanism of Sending back of ICMP Error Messages 3- Follow the Packet in Traceroute
    • Lecture 2 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - MPLS Traceroute Behavior Part2/2
  • Section 7 : MPLS Fundamentals - LDP Configuration 2 Lectures 00:00:04

    • Lecture 1 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - LDP Configuration Part1/2
    • 1- TDP : Tag Distribution Protocol Overview 2- MPLS LDP Configuration [ Interface-Config , IGP-Config ] 3- LIB : Label Information Base Table Monitoring Concepts 4- The Process of Propgation IP-TTL and MPLS-TTL 5- How we can protect provider network from discovery with customer?
    • Lecture 2 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - LDP Configuration Part2/2
  • Section 8 : MPLS Fundamentals - LDP Neighborship 2 Lectures 00:00:04

    • Lecture 1 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - LDP Neighborship Part1/2
    • 1- LDP Message 2- LDP Discovery Process 3- LDP Router-ID 4- LDP Label Space Types : Per-Platform / Per-Interface 5- LDP Neighborship Process
    • Lecture 2 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - LDP Neighborship Part2/2
  • Section 9 : MPLS Fundamentals -Advanced LDP 2 Lectures 00:00:04

    • Lecture 1 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals -Advanced LDP Part1/2
    • 1- LDP Discovery Process Details 2- LDP Session Establishmnets Details 3- LDP Initialization Message Contents 4- LDP Housekeeping 5- Error Notification / Advisory Notification 6- Keep-Alive / KA Interval / Hold-Time 7- Hello / Interval / Hold-Time 8- Label Distribution Modes [ Unsolicited Downstram and Downstream-on-Demand ] 9- MPLS Mode [ Frame-Mode and Cell-Mode ]
    • Lecture 2 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals -Advanced LDP Part2/2
  • Section 10 : MPLS Fundamentals - Controlling the Advertisement of Labels via LDP 1 Lectures 00:00:01

    • Lecture 1 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - Controlling the Advertisement of Labels via LDP
    • 1- Controlling the Advertisement of Labels via LDP 2- Prefix-ACL 3- Peer-ACL
  • Section 11 : MPLS Fundamentals - MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering 1 Lectures 00:10:22

    • Lecture 1 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering
    • 1- MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering 2- Filter out incoming label bindings from an LDP neighbor
  • Section 12 : MPLS Fundamentals - LDP Transport IP Address 1 Lectures 00:00:01

    • Lecture 1 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - LDP Transport IP Address
    • 1- LDP Transport IP Address Function 2- LDP Transport IP Address Configuration 3- LDP Transport IP Address Considerations
  • Section 13 : MPLS Fundamentals - LDP Authentication 1 Lectures 00:00:02

    • Lecture 1 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - LDP Authentication
    • 1- MPLS LDP Required and Not-Required Password 2- MPLS LDP Neighbor Command Authentication 3- MPLS LDP Option Command Authentication 4- MPLS LDP Fallback Command Authentication
  • Section 14 : MPLS Fundamentals - LDP Session Protection 1 Lectures 00:00:02

    • Lecture 1 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - LDP Session Protection
    • 1- MPLS LDP Session Protection 2- MPLS LDP Session Protection Usage 3- MPLS LDP Session Protection Configuration 4- MPLS LDP Session Protection Monitoring 5- MPLS LDP Session Protection Customization
  • Section 15 : MPLS Fundamentals - Different MPLS Modes 1 Lectures 00:00:01

    • Lecture 1 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - Different MPLS Modes
    • 1- Different MPLS Modes : Downstream-on-Demand (DoD) label distribution mode , Unsolicited Downstream (UD) label distribution mode 2- Label distribution mode : Liberal Label Retention (LLR) mode , Conservative Label Retention (CLR) mode 3- LSP control mode : Independent LSP Control mode , Ordered LSP Control mode
  • Section 16 : MPLS Fundamentals - MPLS History 1 Lectures 00:07:19

    • Lecture 1 :
    • MPLS Fundamentals - MPLS History
    • 1- History of MPLS 2- Tag Switching Networks 3- Tag Switching Terminology : TAG,TDP,TFIB,TSR,TSP 4- Label Switch Terminology :Label,LDP,LFIB,LSR,LSP
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Experienced Cisco Engineer & Instructor with a history of working in the National Network & Communication Industries , Educational Industries , E-Learning Companies . Currently, I am the CEO of NISA and work on building learning products for network learning.
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